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The fertile soils of the Taunton River's post-glacial landscape helped to make this watershed one of the earliest and largest settlement areas for teh early Native People. The corridor's deep, mineral rich soils sustained large populations for thousands of years, and they remain fertile and productive today. Since colonial settlement, agriculture has been part of what defines the character of communities in the corridor.

Settlers learned fromthe Native People the time-honored technique of using river herring as fertilizer and the important triad of corn, beans, and squash. Today there is still a significant amount og acerage in agricultural use within the Taunton River cooridor. These properties provide not only a source of food and agricultural products to the region, but also help to maintain the scenic character of the river corridor, both from the roadways and the river. Several of these agricultural parcels include significant stretches of riverfront, including wetlands, floodplain forest, riffle areas in the river and important agricultural soils.